About Ayurvedic Medicine
Chinese medicine has developed its own way to the XIX century and virtually it has no overlap with Western medicine. As a result, the Chinese doctors established an independent system, an original way, describing all the pathological and physiological processes in the body. Thus, under the names of the internal organs are not referring to the anatomical, topographically delineated bodies, and functional systems. Each of the functional systems relates to one of the five elements, which are connected by meridians1 in which the energy, the Qi, flows through. Imbalance of the two opposing principles of Yin and Yang in one of the functional systems, causes "blocks" in the meridian or meridians and leads to imbalance the full body.
The task of the doctor is to establish where an imbalance of the energy is. In Chinese medicine, there are four methods of collecting information about the patient: viewing, listening, questioning and feeling. It should be noted that the the pulse is very important, but not the only component of the diagnosis. To establish the diagnosis, the doctor builds up a treatment: an individual collection of herbs, choosing the points for the acupuncture, and a massage therapy. These procedures should restore the balance between functional systems.
Chinese medicine is not only original approach to the patient, to the causes of disease, but also the direct methods of treatment.
Based on the theory and practice of Chinese medicine, its basic principles are the following:
- Person interacts with all the natural cycles: daily, monthly, seasonal, annual, and life-cycle;
- Material human body (blood, muscles, skeleton, etc.) is controlled by the energy of "Chi";
- Chinese medicine treatment starts with the diagnosis of meridian, which reveals the real causes of the disease. Based on this, diagnostic and therapeutic measures are planned.
The main methods of Chinese medicine are considered acupuncture, reflexology and moxa treatment.
Acupuncture has been already described in the "canon of internal medicine of Yellow Emperor" (Huang Di nei jing) which is considered to be the best known and earliest of Chinese medical texts. It is known to be written around between 400 BC and 200 BC. Archeological evidence of medicinal herbs and acupuncture needles dates back to 5,000 BC (the first acupuncture needles were made from animal bones and rocks).
According to the theory of the Chinese medicine, the free flow of Qi energy is connecting the functional systems (bodies) through channels and thus bringing the body into balance.
In modern life, there is a mutual influence of Chinese and Western medicine. Western medicine quickly adopted and began using acupuncture. Chinese Doctors are also studying the foundations of Western medicine, including biochemistry, pharmacy and therapy. In practice, they also resort to modern methods of examination of the patient. Balanced approach gives the best results: in some cases Chinese medicine is more effective, in other, the Western one. In modern China, the Eastern and Western medicine have equal rights and they complement each other. In the same clinic you can be treated with traditional Chinese and also Western methods.
1Meridian lines that invisibly pass through the entire human body and carry out the circulation of vital energy, relate the specific organs or groups of organs. Each meridian is "responsible" for a particular organ or area of the body. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the human body has 12 main meridians and six meridians can be divided into two groups: yin group and the group of Yan.